Featured Reports

A selection of our TIIG themed reports, all our reports can be found on the PHI publications page.

Reducing intentional and unintentional injuries is a key objective of local councils, public health professionals, service providers and other organisations that make up Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). EDs can play a central and leading role, not only in providing rich and timely data, but in providing objective and informed recommendations for targeted prevention measures and interventions. This Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) report presents an overview of intentional and unintentional injuries in Cumbria using ED and NWAS data collected between April 2014 and March 2017. This report contextualises ED and NWAS data by providing an overview of the population of Cumbria and socioeconomic factors such as deprivation. Whilst ED data collection in generally excellent in Cumbria, data quality improvements are discussed, particularly within the context of specific injury groups and enhanced assault information.

Violence is a preventable public health problem and yet there are over one million violent incidents each year in England and Wales, approximately half of which involve alcohol and one quarter of which occur in night time economy environments. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 14,427 injury attendances to Lancashire Accident and Emergency Departments (AEDs) by residents of Lancashire for injuries sustained from violence. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to alcohol-related violence; where data were recorded, alcohol was consumed prior to an assault attendance in 44% of incidents. This report presents AED attendances for violence across Lancashire in terms of demographics, area of residence, attendance rates and attendance information (including incident location, referral source, arrival mode and disposal method) between April 2013 and March 2016. Using alcohol-related data collected by two of the trusts, case studies are also provided for Chorley, Preston, South Ribble and West Lancashire local authorities.

Falls are the second leading cause of death from accidents worldwide and adults aged over 65 years suffer the greatest number of fatal falls. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 63,398 ambulance call outs and 17,182 emergency hospital admissions for falls in Lancashire. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to call outs and emergency hospital admissions for falls using North West Ambulance Service (NWAS) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data. Trends are presented in terms of demographics, call out locations, and patient geography; comparisons are also drawn between NWAS and HES data, particularly in terms of age standardised rates per 1,000 population for given geographical areas.

Violence is a preventable public health problem and yet there are over one million violent incidents each year in England and Wales, approximately half of which involve alcohol and one quarter of which occur in night time economy environments. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 14,427 injury attendances to Lancashire Emergency Departments (EDs) by residents of Lancashire for injuries sustained from violence. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to the locations of violence, specifically in terms of patient area of residence, as determined by Emergency Department (ED) data, and call out location, as determined by North West Ambulance Service (NWAS) data. Trends are also presented in terms of demographic compositions of assault attendances/call outs, deprivation and, in terms of ED data, incident location categories and attendance details. Analyses also compare ED data (patient geography) with NWAS data (location geography), particularly in terms of attendance/call out numbers and rates by Local/Unitary Authority areas and Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs).

Reducing intentional and unintentional injuries is a key objective of Cumbria County Council and public health professionals, service providers and other organisations that make up Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) within Cumbria. Emergency Departments (EDs) can play a central and leading role, not only in providing rich and timely data, but in providing objective and informed recommendations for targeted prevention measures and interventions. This Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) Themed Report presents and overview of unintentional and intentional injuries in Cumbria primarily using ED recorded data between April 2012 and March 2015. Data are discussed within the context of demographic trends and socioeconomic factors, including levels of deprivation. While ED data collection is generally excellent in Cumbria, there are several areas where data collection and quality may be improved. This report discusses these key data issues with particular focus on injury groups and enhanced assault information.

Across the United Kingdom there are approximately 11.5 million children and young people aged 14 years and under; representing around 18% of the whole population. Approximately 5% of this total (517,156) live in Greater Manchester. Unintentional injuries are the most common form of injury among children and young people and while they have declined across the UK over the past three decades, there has been no corresponding reduction in the rates of deaths following an intentional injury. Local authority profiles show that in some areas Greater Manchester are significantly worse than the average in England for child health. For hospital admissions caused by injuries in children aged 14 years and under, every Local authority with the exception of Trafford have significantly higher rates of admissions than the average in England. This Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) Themed Report presents injuries suffered by children and young people across Greater Manchester primarily using ED recorded data between April 2012 and March 2015. This report will contextualise ED data by providing an overview of the population, highlighting who is at increased risk of injury and describing the specific level of need in Greater Manchester.

There are more people aged 65 years or older in the UK than ever before and ageing populations create various challenges, particularly in terms of health and social care. The avoidance of preventable injuries is an important component of the successful safeguarding of health and well-being among older people. Falls comprise the majority of injuries among older people and can cause bone fractures, head traumas and can increase the risk of early death. This Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) Themed Report presents injuries suffered by older people (aged 65 years and over) across Lancashire using ED recorded data between April 2012 and March 2015. This report contextualises ED data by providing an overview of the population, highlighting who is at increased risk of injury and describing the specific level of need in Lancashire. Additionally, this report provides detailed recommendations for local government and commissioners in terms of the efficient use of resources, and to health and social care providers in terms of delivering improved outcomes, with the overarching aim of enabling older people to live happy and healthy lives.

There are more people aged 65 years or older in the UK than ever before. Ageing populations, primarily due to increasing life-expectancy, are a success of the developed world but despite this success, ageing populations create various challenges, particularly in terms of health and social care. The avoidance of preventable injuries is an important component of the successful safeguarding of health and well-being among older people. Falls comprise the majority of injuries among older people and can cause bone fractures, head traumas and can increase the risk of early death. This Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG) Themed Report presents injuries suffered by older people (aged 65 years and over) across Greater Manchester using ED recorded data between April 2012 and March 2015. This report contextualises ED data by providing an overview of the population, highlighting who is at increased risk of injury and describing the specific level of need in Greater Manchester. Additionally, this report provides detailed recommendations for local government and commissioners in terms of the efficient use of resources, and to health and social care providers in terms of delivering improved outcomes, with the overarching aim of enabling older people to live happy and healthy lives.